Awareness is the only security in cyber security
Two years ago all the students as well as teachers of our school and college would have heard about online education. But it is not certain that everyone will experience online learning. For the last two years we have been under the threat of an epidemic like Corona and during this time students have lost a lot by staying away from school and college.
But what has benefited the education sector the most during this period is that students at all levels became familiar with the method of online education and teachers started teaching online using various platforms.
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Happiness and sorrow are said to be like two sides of the same coin. In the same way, the disadvantage of online education has become a disadvantage as well. The disadvantage is that children are more likely to use the Internet unnecessarily. Misuse of online games, chatting, YouTube videos and other social media has increased, especially among children.
In these circumstances, the question of online safety of children and their parents also came up due to inadequate knowledge and incompetence of children. Unaware of the potential pitfalls of the Internet, students and parents are more likely to be victims of cybercrime such as online fraud, misuse of information, and cyberbullying. In this situation, there is an urgent need for teachers, parents and students to be aware of cyber security.
If the teacher is aware of cyber security and is aware of all aspects of cyber crime then he can make the students and the society aware about it. Therefore, from the state level and national level, the government as well as various agencies have made efforts to raise awareness about cyber crime by informing the society about cyber security and such efforts are still being made.
Now that teachers and students are making full use of online media, internet security is everyone’s responsibility and everyone needs to know about cyber crime and cyber security. We will gradually become acquainted with all these things.
What is cyber crime?
Cybercrime is a crime that is directly related to computer, mobile and online internet networks. In it, criminals carry out various illegal acts through computer, mobile and internet networks, causing economic, social or emotional harm to the individual, organization or society. Cybercrime includes online financial theft, fraud, cyberbullying, theft of personal information, defamation, etc.
The Internet is currently stealing someone’s personal information and distributing it to others for malicious purposes, sending online viruses to someone’s netbanking, obtaining secure bank details, committing financial fraud, someone’s personal picture, activity and privacy online. Disclosing, stealing someone’s personal information, stealing government information, hacking someone’s server or social account, giving false information or destroying information, Cyber crimes such as downloading illegal software or movies, threatening someone online, sexual harassment, etc. are on the rise.
As technology evolves, so does the trend of cybercrime or online fraud. Often people are completely unaware of this cyber crime, due to which they become victims of cyber crime or inadvertently, they continue to work under cyber crime.
Now that the use of online platforms is on the rise in the education process and students are using online media, it is very important to make students aware about cyber crime and cyber security so that they do not fall prey to cyber crime. Types of cyber crime:
Thus there are many types of cyber crimes online through the internet. These are some of the cyber crimes which are punishable under the Constitution of India.
In today’s world of technology most of the cyber crimes are being committed through hacking. Hacking is a method by which a criminal steals your personal information from your computer or mobile without your knowledge. Which he uses to harm you or to sell your important information to others. Such hackers hack into your social media account through viruses or software.
Spam e-mail Spam e-mail is an unknown e-mail sent by a cyber ૨ Gunega! From which an e-mail comes to your account and some files are attached to it or link is given. You are asked to click on it. As you click on this file or link, the malware, spyware or Trojan virus sent by them reaches your mobile or commuter system.
Spam e-mail is often used to collect personal information and to acquire your computer system. Which is misused by criminals, causing your personal information to be stolen. In addition, your system often shuts down or hangs and crashes, and your important files begin to be destroyed.
Phishing is a medium of cyber crime related to online fraud and financial fraud. Cybercriminals use fake e-mails, messages or calls to entrap someone, just as a hook is thrown into the water to entrap a fish. Criminals withdraw money online from your bank account without any physical effort through phishing and you allow them to do so manually.
Many times you may have received e-mails, messages or calls in which you have been offered to win the lottery, a job in a multinational company or your big loan has been approved. In response, you are asked the details of the bank. From your bank account if you provide the details he asked for.
04 Software piracy
It is also considered a cyber crime if a person sells an illegal version of software of a well known company online or in the market. If a person is caught doing this, you can be legally punished under Indian Cyber Law. In addition, there can be heavy fines from the company.
05 Cyber Bulling
There are many platforms available for social media today and its prevalence is increasing. Today almost everyone is active in some kind of social media. In such a situation, based on your social media account information, someone is harassing any boy or girl mentally. Such as the misuse of information, sexual abuse, threats or attempts to tarnish one’s image on social media. All these crimes come under cyber threat.
06 Cyber activities against government or country
This falls under the most serious cyber crime also known as cyber terrorism. If a person is seen campaigning against the government or trying to hack a government website or engage in anti-national online activities or try to tarnish the country’s image internationally, it is considered cyber terrorism.
Indian law provides for severe punishment and heavy fines for such cyber crimes. There are penalties and penalties for each of the above cyber crimes, but since such crimes occur online, it is a bit difficult to catch the culprit and may take longer.
Hence a world citizen. Only our awareness and vigilance can save us from such cyber crimes. It is not enough to have antivirus and firewall software installed on your computer for safe use of the Internet, but also how carefully you use your computer online.
How to stay safe online? We stay connected to the world through laptops, mobile phones, tablets or personal computers. The Internet is important and valuable for fun, to make friends, to keep in touch with each other and to learn new things, but if we use the Internet without being aware of the precautionary measures, we will inadvertently fall prey to illegal activity, fraud, intimidation and other serious crimes.
We meet strangers through social media, which can often be very different from what we expect. So let’s keep in mind some of the golden formulas for staying safe online.
★ Do not give out personal information such as address or phone number to strangers.
★ Do not send your own photos, personal photos to anyone.
★ Do not open e-mails, links or attachments of strangers.
★ Don’t treat strangers like personal friends online.
★ Never arrange to meet the person you met online.
★ If you are worried or scared after seeing or reading something online, report it to your parents.
In addition, when we connect online through the internet, we use a computer or cellphone. We use a variety of social media and web browsers to exchange messages, photographs, short videos or ideas. There are also some precautions to take when using the Internet.
Necessary precautions in the use of web-browser
The Internet is an easy way to stay in touch with friends and family. Students freely use the Internet to get the latest news, research information, read books, apply for admission or business, or buy anything they need. More and more people are now using the internet in banking, billing and filling up various forms as well as in business activities.
Web browsers are easy to use to perform many types of operations online, but they can also harm us and our computer. This damage involves the disclosure of sensitive information as well as unauthorized entry of malware such as spyware and adware into our computers or cellphones. Adequate precautions should be taken to avoid online hazards for safe browsing. For this….
★ Install the appropriate antivirus software in the computer and keep it updated from time to time.
★Keep your internet browser up-to-date.
★Be wary of suspicious or unfamiliar activity or problems occurring on your commuter.
★ Install and maintain a firewall in your computer.
★ Do not enter or store any sensitive details in your computer indefinitely.
★ Change your online account passwords periodically.
★Beware of links that come as an attachment to instant messaging and e-mail.
Precautions to be taken on social networking site
Most people today are using social media. The urge to be popular on social media is growing. Therefore, all the young and old are using it unnecessarily. This is what creates the conditions for cybercriminals. It is also important to be very careful when using social networks. For this ….
★ Be sure to try your hand at such a site.
★ Do not disclose all sensitive details in your profile on social sites.
★ Make friends online with strangers you don’t know at all.
★ It is advisable to have an e-mail address in which your name is not mentioned.
★Be careful not to disclose any information while creating your profile. Make sure only your trusted friends can see your profile.
★The photos and videos you upload will reach others along with your friends. So decide exactly what to upload.
★ A few caution when sharing information online
Cellphones are used in many other ways besides communicating with our family and friends. Smartphones have features like internet browsing, paying bills, getting information on transactions in bank accounts or receiving e-mails as well as apps for joining various social media. The personal information that a few years ago could have been known by other people through computer can be done through smartphone today.
Today smartphones are a handy tool for everyone as well as a dangerous tool to reveal your personal information. There are several risks involved in using it.
★ When a smartphone is lost or stolen, all the information in it will be known to the other person who owns your mobile and it is likely to be misused.
★ Strangers may find secret information, private photos or videos, e-mails, messages, text messages and documents stored on your phone.
★ Smartphones have network connectivity options so cyber criminals can infiltrate even restricted networks.
★ In such a protected corporate system this criminal can attack with your stolen phone. Smartphones are used for business transactions. That means secret information can be stolen by intercepting the cellphone live or by capturing the mobile signal.
★ Dangerous software such as viruses, Trojanhorse, Womers through fraudulent software All of these possibilities come from using a smartphone online. Therefore, it is equally important to be careful in its use. The following precautions should be taken to avoid possible misuse of the smartphone.
★ When buying a new smartphone, check its security features and see if it works properly.
★ Install antivirus in your smartphone and keep it up to date.
★ Follow an unknown message or link.
★ Decide wisely what details to store in your smartphone.
★ Do not join unfamiliar Wi-Fi networks.
★Do not use insecure Wi-Fi hotspots. Turn off interfaces like Bluetooth, Internet or WiFi as soon as they are finished.
★ If you want to stop using the old smartphone, delete all the information you have stored in it.
★ When you stop using the smartphone, delete all the information stored inside it.
The world of internet is vast. Its beneficial use in the teaching-learning process cannot be denied. Let us use digital media for information acquisition and knowledge enhancement as per our need but at the same time be careful while using these media.